11 Kilometers from Ajmer , on the edge of the desert, lies the tiny tranquil town of Pushkar , lon the bank of a picturesque Pushkar lake. It is an important pilgrimage spot. The Nag pahar or the snake mountain forms a natural boundary between Ajmer and Pushkar.
Pushkaris all about a semicircular lake with 52 'ghats'. The maximum depth of the lake is 10mteres. It is a holy place and is known as king of all 'tiraths'. A holy dip in this lake on Karthik Purnima is said to wash all the sins and leads to salvation. It is said that the one who bathes in this holy water during the brighter fortnight of the Hindu calendar month Karthik and sees a Varah (an incarnation of Vishnu), will not take a rebirth on this planet again and can enjoy the heavenly bliss forever. The Karthik Purnima holy dip in this lake gives one a blessing equal to hundred penances. There are many yojana spots which can not be counted by the teacher of gods, Brihaspati.How the name Pushkar came ahs a mythological story behind it. Once Lord Brahma was worried over the matter of not being prayed to on the earth like the other Gods. He had the desire to have a place on his name on the earth. So he threw a lotus flower which fell on three places and water sprang out from there miraculously. The first place where the flower fell is known as the Jyeshtha Pushkar, the second place is the Madhya Pushkar, and the third place is the Kanishtha Pushkar or Senior, Middle and the Junior respectively. Brahma threw the flower that is the 'Pushpa' with his own hands that is the 'Kar', therefore the name of this place became Pushkar.
There are 52 bathing ghats built around the lake. The water of each ghats is supposed to have special powers. Some of which are the Nag Kund for fertility, Roop tirath for beauty, Kapil vyapi Kund water helps cure leprosy and dip in the Mirakand Muni Kund grants the boon of wisdom.
Every year on day of Karthik Purnima, that is full moon day in the month of Karthik (somewhere in October - November), the famous Pushkar fair is held here. People from all over the country come to take the holy dip. The town comes alive with folk dancers and musicians who come from all the regions to show their talent. Joyful celebration, cultural variety and cattle market make Pushkar fair famous. This fair is one of the major cultural reflectors of the sate of Rajasthan. This is a five day affair when the small town comes alive with cultural activities and vibrant energy.
Apart from the religious rituals at the Jagat Pita Shri Brahma Mandir, and other festivities, people participate in a number of sporting and cultural events. The great attraction of this fair other than the variety of folk dances and songs that fill the atmosphere is the camel race and the cattle fair. Cows, Buffaloes, Camels, Horses and even Donkeys are bargained for. This special fair attracts tourists from all over the world.