12 Jyotirlingas - Name & Place


Jyotirlinga - Kedarnath Temple

Kedarnath is one of the Char Dham of North India, located in Rudraprayag district of state of Uttarakhand. It hosts one of the holiest Kedarnath temple listed amongst twelve Jyotirlingas of India. Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Kedarnath temple is not accessible by road. One has to trek for about 14 km to get the shrine from the place called Gaurikund. Temple is covered by snow during winters making it very difficult for visitors to trek up to abode. Kedarnath temple is open from last week of April to October/November (or up to Kartik Purnima). Kedarnath is at 3584 m above sea level. During winters, idol of Kedarnath temple are brought down to the place called as Ukhimath or Okhimath, which is 42 km away from Kedarnath and worshipped here for rest of the year.
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Jyotirlinga - Kashi Vishwanath Temple

Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, located in Varanasi. Varanasi is an oldest and the host city of Kashi Vishwanath Temple, which is claimed one of the holiest place for Hindus in India. Kashi Vishwanath temple is dedicated to Lorad Shiva. The temple is situated on the western bank of India's holiest river Ganges. City is also known as Kashi. An idol of temple is also called as Vishweshwara, means the ruler of universe. Being the host city of Kashi Vishwanath Temple, it is flocked by thousands of pilgrims throughout the year from all over the world in search for spiritual peace by the glimpse of Jyotirlinga, which transforms life and leads it on the path of liberation. Varanasi is also close to the host city of Kumbh Mela or fair called Allahabad. Temple was attacked over and over again by the Muslim emperors form 11th century and rebuilt it by Hindu emperor over the years. Temple is regarded the most significant places of worship in Hindu religion. When it comes to the structure of temple, it is a complex of series of smaller shrines near river Ganges. The main shrine is 60 cm tall. There is a small well in the temple where Jyotirlinga was believed to be hidden at the time of invasion.
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Jyotirlinga - Baidyanath Dham

Baidyanath or Vaidyanath temple is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, is located in Deoghar (the house of God) in the Santhal Parganas in the state of Jharkhand. It is a temple complex including the main temple of Baidyanath where the Jyotirlinga is enshrined and twenty one other temples.

The main structure of temple is towering 72 ft tall. Several bells fixed at the walls and ceiling of the temples can be seen. Idol of Nandi is also fixed in the temple complex.

It is believed to say that, King of demons Rawana worshipped Lord Shiva at present site of the temple and scarified his ten heads in order to please lord Shiva. Lord Shiva finally pleased and descended to earth to cure injured Rawana. Temple is named after this aspect as Shiva acted as doctor (Vaidya in Hindi language). Millions of devotees come here particularly in the month of Shravana to deliver holy water on the 'lingam' which they collect from Sultanganj, a place just 100 km away from Deogarh. Devotees cover the distance of 100 km on foot.
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Jyotirlinga - Grishneshwar Temple

Grishneshwar is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, a famous Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, located 14 km from Daulatabad near Aurangabad in Maharashtra state. The main abode is also located close to the world famous tourist attractions Ajanta and Ellora caves, which are popularly known for monuments featuring rock cut architecture and fascinating cave painting from 1st millennium CE.

Grishneshwar is also known as Ghushmeshwa and Kusumeshwar. There are various pilgrimage sites found on way to Ghrishneshwar such as Dhareshwar, Sahastra Ling, Pataleshwar and Suryeshwar. The Grishneswar temple was re-constructed in 18th century by Ahilyabai Holker, who was also behind the re-construction of Kashi Vishwanath temple in Varanasi. It is believed to say that, your sins shall be washed away after worshipping the abode of Grishneshwar temple.
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Jyotirlinga - Trimbakeshwar Temple

Trimbakeshwar or Trambakeshwar is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, located at a distance of 28 km from the city of Nashik in Maharasthra. It is situated at the foothills of Bramhagiri Mountains, which is an origin point of the holy river Godavari. River Godavari flows from here and meets the sea. Trimbakeshwar is an ancient Hindu temple attracts thousands of Hindu pilgrims due to its unique feature as Jyotirlinga here is having three faces embodying Lord, Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva. Other Jyotirlingas have Lord Shiva as a main deity.

River Godavari is also called as Gautami Ganga named after sage Rishi Gautama, originates from Bramhagiri Mountains. A huge fair held here when Jupiter enter the Leo Sign. Devotes come in huge number to take holy dip in the river Gautami Ganga and seek blessings of Trimbakeshwar. The main abode of Trimbakeshwar is also gettable by road from Mumbai in five hours. Lingas are covered by Jeweled crown consist of precious stones like diamonds and emeralds.
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Jyotirlinga - Bhimashankar Temple

Bhimashankar temple is situated at one of the most beautiful location of all twelve Jyotirlingas. It is located 50 km away from Khed near Pune and also at a distance of 127 km from Pune. Bhimashankar Temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas surrounded by endless stretches of dense forest, lofty peaks and whispering waters of Bhima River. Bhimashankar is a source of river Bhima. Bhimashankar is an ancient shrine of Lord Shiva situated in the Ghat region of Sahyadri hills. Abode of Bhimashankar is located far away from bustling city's life, gives an overlooking view of rivers, hills and a virgin forest of region.

When it comes to the structure of the Bhimashankar temple, it is a blend of old and new Nagara style of architecture dates back to mid 18th century. The Maratha ruler Shivaji is also said to have been closely associated with the temple in terms of offering endowment to the Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga. Shiva is said to have taken abode in the Bhima form, upon the request of the Gods, on the crest of the Sahyadri hills, and the sweat that poured forth from his body after the battle is said to have formed the Bhimarathi River.
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Jyotirlinga - Mahakaleshwar Temple

The ancient city of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh is abode to the Mahakaleshwar temple, which is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. The temple dedicated to Lorad Shiva and one of the most significant Jyotirlinga of all located by the side of Rudra Sagar Lake. Shiva in Lingam form believed to be Swayambhu (born of itself) deriving currents of power (Shakti ) from within itself as against the other images and lingams which are ritually established and invested with mantra-shakti. Lord Shiva is referred here as Mahakal (Lord of time and Death).

The idol of Mahakaleshwar is also known as Dakshinamurti as the lingam is facing the south. It is regarded one of the holiest Jyotirlinga situated in Mahakal forest in Ujjain. The large number of devotees can be seen during religious Hindu festivals such as Shivratri, Nag Panchami and on every Monday of Savan.
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Jyotirlinga - Omkareshwar temple

Omkareshwar temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and one of the Jyotirlingas, situated on an island Mandhata in Narmada River. Omkareshwar is derived from the word 'OM', which signifies the most sacred symbol in Hindu religion. Island is shaped like a sacred word 'OM' that attracts thousands of pilgrims over the years. The abode of Omkareshwar temple is situated 77 km from Indore in Madhya Pradesh. The island comprises two lofty hills and is divided by a valley in such a way that it appears in the shape of the sacred Hindu symbol 'Om' from above.

There are two temples here named Omkareshwar and Amareshwar. Omkareshwar - Lord of Om and another is Amareshwar means the Lord of Immortals.

There are many stories existing related to the history of Lord Omkareshwar. But one of them is from the Hindu scriptures says that once upon a time, during the war of Devas (deities) and Danavas (demon) where Demon won. Devas prayed Lord Shiva for seeking blessing and help. Finally Lord Shiva pleased and appeared in the form of Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga and defeated Demon.
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Jyotirlinga - Mallikarjuna Temple

Mallikarjun Temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas, dedicated to Lord Shiva, situated on the Shri Shaila Mountain by the banks of Patal Ganga, Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh. The main abode of Jyotirlinga is located at a distance of 245 km from Hyderabad. Srisailam Mountain is also called as the Kailash of South. Presiding deities of temples are Mallikarjuna (Shiva) and Bhramaramba (Devi). The temple is considered very holy and devotees here are allowed to touch the idol unlike any other Jyotirlingas in India.

The great 8-inch tall Shiv Lingam is enshrined in the temple, considered second Jyotirlinga of Shiv situated in the Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh. It is also known as Shri Parvat. The whole region comes under Project tiger. The temple is open for all, irrespective of religion, caste and faith. According to Shiv Puran, Lord Shiva and wife Parvati came here to see their son Kartikeya who was upset over marriage of younger brother Ganesha before him despite of being an older one and moved away here. Shiv and Parvati came to pacify him and enshrined themselves as a Jyotirlinga.
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Jyotirlinga - Ramanathaswamy Temple , Rameshwaram

Ramanathaswamy Temple is considered one of the sacred temples of Hindu, dedicated to Lord Shiva located in the island of Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. It is also listed amongst the famous Char Dham (four divine sites) of India. Other three sites are Badrinath in North India, Puri in East India and Dwarka in West India. Temple is said to be built in 12th century by Pandya Dynasty. Rameshwaram is also one of the 12 Jyotirlingas of India, considered holy sites for Shaivites, Vaishnavites and Smarthas. Presiding deity of temple is Ramansthswamy (Shiva) in the form of Lingam.

Jyotirlinga is situated by the coastal area and surrounded by Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean, making this site one of the most visited Jyotirlinga and also a tourist sites for leisure travelers. According to the Ramayana, when Lord Rama was on way to Lanka to save his wife Sita from demon king Ravana's confinement, he established a Shiv lingam here to pray Lord Shiva in order to get blessings for victory over demon king Rawana. Jyotirlinga is enshrined here since then. It is also believed to say that Lord Rama had also risen up a causeway (Called Ramsetu) on the sea to get Lanka in order to take his wife back. Stones were used to raise Ramsetu , can still be seen in this place now days.
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Jyotirlinga - Nageshwar Temple

Nageshwar Temple is believed as the first Jyotirlinga on earth, situated near Dwaraka in Gujurat. The main shrine of temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and one of the 12 Jyotirlinga. There are two more shrine of Lord Shiva in India which are believed to be as identical to Nageshwara Jyotirlinga in Dwaraka such as Jageshwar Temple near Almora in Uttarakhand state and Nagnath temple in Aundha in Maharashtra state. According to Shiv Purana, there is a mention of Nageshwara in Darukavana in the Indian epics. It is considered as very powerful Jyotirlinga signifies protection from all poisons.

According to Shiv Purana, a Shiva devotee called Supriya was imprisoned by Demon Daaruka along with other prisoners in his capital Daarukavana.Supriya made all the prisoners recite Mantra 'Om Namah Shivaya' for Lord Shiva. Daaruka could not take this and became angry upon Supriya. Daaruka finally decided to kill Supriya but failed as Lord Shiva appeared as Jyotirlingam and saved him. It is believed, since then Shiva and Parvati resided here. Lord Shiva established himself as Jyotirlinga by the name of Nageshwar.
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Jyotirlinga - Somnath Temple

Somnath Temple is located in near Vraval on the western coast of Gujarat and also one of the 12 Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva in India. Somnath signifies as 'The protector of the Moon God'. The temple had been re-built time to time over the years as it had been destroyed sixteen times by Muslim invaders. The Shrine of Jyotirlinga is dedicated to Someshwara, another name of Lord Shiva with moon on his head. Lingam was established when Chandra (Moon God) built a Shivlinga at Prabhas Teerth to worship Lord Shiva as he wanted to release from the curse of his father-in-law Daksha Prajapati. Pleased with his penance and devotion, Lord Shiva appeared to relive him (Moon God) from the curse of darkness partially letting the periodic waning of the moon.

Lord Shiva then decided to establish that Lingam till eternity. Jyotirlinga is also called as "the Shrine Eternal". It is said that moon God himself build golden temple. Architecture of the temple is also worth seeing as the temple carvings and sculptures speak about great artisan work of that era. The temple has large central hall having entrances on three sides. Somnath temple is also known by other names such as Deo Pattan, Prabhas Pattan or Pattan. Somnath temple is one of the most significant Jyotirlingas, built in Chalukya style with a height of about 155ft.
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