Allahabad is considered one of the oldest and religious city of India. It is often called as Prayag. Allahabad was the name given by Mughals to the ancient city of Prayag. It comes under the state of Uttar Pradesh in north India. Allahabad is situated around 200 kilometers away from Lucknow, a capital city of Uttar pradesh.
According to the Hindu context, Allahabad or Prayag is the place where Lord Brahma
Offered his first sacrifice after creating the world. According to the Hindu mythology , Lord Brahma is the creator of universe. In Sanskrit, Prayag mean "Place of Sacrifice".
The religious significance of Allahabad has also been rates highly because of being one of the four sites of Hindu Mass pilgrimage known as
of Kumbh Fair. Rest three sites being Haridwar, Ujjain and Nasik. Allahabad is situated at the confluence of three holy rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati.The confluence of these three holy rivers is often called as Triveni sangam that raises the spirit of religious importance of the city.
Allahabad is visited by pilgrims and tourists not only from all over India but also from various foreign countries. The idol of Shree bade Hanuman Jee presides near the ancient Indian Fort situated in the Sangam area of the religious city of Prayag (Allahabad).
Magh Mela is held eavery year in Allahabad and thousands of people from all walks of life gather
To participate in the festival on the banks of Ganges. When same festival is organized in larger scale in every 12th year is called Kumbha Mela. Kumbha Mela is referred as most sacred of all the pilgrimage. Kumbha Mela attracts millions of holy Men ,Women, from all walks of life, Monks, Saints and Sadhus to the site of Kumbha Mela to this auspicious occasion.
Climate of Allahabad:
Allahabad has three season as far as the climate is concerned , mainly Summer, Winter and hot humid monsoon. Summer begins from April to June and the temperature may go up to 45 degree celcius, Monsoon begins from July to September and winter season begins from December and last till February. Minimum Temperature does not reach to the freezing point but the maximum temperature during the day is around 20-23 degree Celsius. You are witnessed the dense fog in the month of January, may cause sometimes flight or train delays.
Places of Interest in Allahabad:
Sangam and surroundings. The sacred 'Sangam' is the confluence of three of the holiest rivers in Hindu mythology Ganga, Yamuna and the mythical underground river of enlightenment, Saraswati.
The massive majestic fort built by Emperor Akbar in 1583 A.D fort stands on the banks of the Yamuna near the confluence. The largest of Akbar's forts, it was matchless in its design and construction.
Khusrau Bagh located near the railway station, contains the tomb of Prince Khusrau son of the Mughal emperor Jehangir, who was jailed and executed after an unsuccessful rebellion and a plot to assassinate his father.
Allahabad Museum located at Kamala Nehru Road inside Chandra Shekhar Azad Park, has 18 galleries containing a wide range of stone sculptures.
Anand Bhavan was the former ancestral home of the Nehru family. Donated to the Indian government in 1970 by Indira Gandhi, it was turned into a museum. The exhibits in the two storied building seen through glass panels include personal items of Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru; the first Prime Minister of Independent India, Indira Gandhi (Prime Minister1966-77, 1980-84) and her sons Sanjay Gandhi and Rajeev Gandhi (PrimeMinister1984-1989). One can see the room where Mahatma Gandhi used to stay during his visits, Jawarlal Nehru's room and study also.
here is a Jawahar planetarium build in 1979 in the compound.
Situated next to Anand Bhawan, Swaraj Bhavan was donated to the Nation by Moti Lal Nehru to be used as the headquarters of the Congress Committee. Late Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi was born here.
University of Allahabad :
Designed by William Emerson and opened in 1886, the college is a fine example of 'Indo-saracenic' architecture. It has a 200 feet tower made of pale-yellow sandstone with marble and mosaic floors.
Minto Park or Madan Mohan Malviya Park:
Minto Park is located to the west of the fort near the Yamuna river. It was here that the East India Company officially handed over control of India to the British government in 1858. Lord Canning read out the declaration. There is a stone memorial with a four-lion symbol on top here.
Chandra Shekhar Azad Park :
Earlier known as Alfred park, this extensive garden park has some fine colonial Buildings, including a public library. Later the park was renamed in honour of the freedom fighter Chandra Shekhar Azad who died in an encounter with the imperialists. Within the park is the Allahabad Museum.
How to reach Allahabad:
Allahabad is one of the major pilgrimage site at the confluence of three holiest rivers of India, Ganga, Yamuna and an ancient Saraswati. Kumbh Mela occurs here in every 12th year attracts millions of Hindu pilgrims to city of Prayag "Allahabad". Allahabad is well connected by Air, Train and Road from the major cities of India.
As of now, there is no direct air link to Allahabad but the nearest airports in the vicinity are Varanasi 145 kms and Lucknow 200 kms away. Varanasi and Lucknow airports are well connected to Delhi and other cities by daily flights.
Allahabad is the headquarters of the North Central Railway zone and is well connected by trains with all major cities of India. Several Superfast and express trains are well connected from the cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkota, Chennai, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Gwalior, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Bangalore and Jaipur. Allahabad Junction is the main and busiest railway station of Allahabad where as there are eight railway stations with in the city.
Allahabad is also well connected by road to the many states through its National Highways. National highway 2 and NH 27 pass through the city of Allahabad. NH 27 connects Allahabad to Madhya Pradesh. There are several state highways also reaching to Allahabad from other part of the country through good memorable roads.
There are frequent bus services available from the Allahabad Bus Stand to the many routes and vice -versa.
Some of the distances from Allahabad:
Ayodhya - 167 km., Chitrakoot - 137 km., Agra - 443 km., Ahmedabad - 1207 km., Delhi - 643 km., Bhopal - 680 km., Mumbai - 1444 km., Calcutta - 799 km., Hyderabad - 1086 km., Jaipur - 673 km., Jhansi - 375 km., Lucknow - 204 km., Madras - 1790 km., Nagpur - 618 km., Patna - 368 km., Thiruvanathapuram - 2413 km., Udaipur - 956 km., Varanasi - 125 km., Khajuraho - 294 km., Lambini (Nepal) - 406 km.
Hotels in Allahabad
Allahabad famous Hotels are Grand Continental Hotels (03 Star) - 34 Rooms, Hotel Allahabad Regency - 13 Rooms, Hotel Kanha Shyam (04 Star) -85 Rooms, Hotel Millan Palace - 40 Rooms, Hotel Saket -30 Rooms, Hotel Samrat -32 Rooms, Hotel Yatrik (03 star) -37 Rooms
Allahabad Kumbh Mela 2019
Kumbha Mela derives its name from the immortal - Pot of Nectar - described in ancient Vedic scriptures known as the Puranas. Kumbha in Sanskrit language means 'pot or pitcher'. Mela means 'festival'. Thus Kumbha Mela literally means festival of the pot. Or in this case a festival celebrating the appearance of the pot of nectar.
Religious Importance of Kumbh Mela
The festival is religiously most important for the Hindus. At every Kumbh occassion, millions of Hindus take part in the celebrations. During 2003 Kumbh at Haridwar, more than 10 millions devoteed gathered at the site. Saints, priests, and yogis from all corners of India, gathered to participate in Kumbh. Haridwar is considered very holy, due to the fact that Ganga enter plains from mountains here itself.