Situated on the banks of the Tawi river against the ravishing backdrop of the majestic Trikuta ranges, the winter capital of the state is Jammu. It is believed that King Jambulochan, considered the place to be auspicious because he saw a tiger and goat drinking water from the same pool. He laid the foundation of a new city, Jammu Nagri. In 1832, Gulab Singh merged Jammu with Kashmir to form the present state.
Jammu has a large number of temples and shrines, the soaring spires of which seem to perforate the skies above. Katra, 48 km from Jammu is the starting point of the heavily thronged shrine of Vaishno Devi.
In 1730, the city came under the rule of the Dogra king, Raja Dhruv Deva, and under the patronage of Dogra rulers; Jammu became an important center of art and culture, especially the Pahari School of paintings. Today, the beautiful city of Jammu boasts of innumerable temples and shrines, refreshing environs, pleasant climate, breathtaking views and harmonious existence of Hindus and Muslims.
Sightseeing in Jammu
Mata Vaishno Devi Temple: The holy shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi here attracts more than 4.5 million pilgrims every year. Katra Town, lying in the foot of Trikuta Mountains, 48 km. from Jammu, serves as the base camp for visiting the famous shrine of Shri Mata Vaishno Devi, which is accessible on foot along a 13 km long well-laid footpath. The cave shrine of Mata Vasihnodeviji or Trikuta Bhagwati at an altitude of 5,200 ft. holds great significance for the pilgrims.
Raghunath Temple : Situated in the heart of the city and surrounded by a group of other temples, this temple dedicated to Lord Rama is outstanding and unique in Northern India. Work on the temple was started by Maharaja Gulab Singh, founder of the Kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir in 1835 AD.
Ranbireshwar temple : Built by Maharaja Ranbir Singh in 1883 AD, Ranbireshwar Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, which is located on the Shalimar Road near the New Secretariat. It has one central 'Lingam' rising 7.5 ft.upwards.
Amarmahal : Amarmahal is a beautiful palace of red sand stone which stands amidst the most enchanting surroundings of Jammu. From here you will find a scenic view of the Shiwaliks at the north and the beautiful River Tawi, which flows down below.
Bahufort: About 5 km from Jammu city, nestled on a rock face on the left bank of the river Tawi, this fort is perhaps the oldest fort and edifice in the city. It is said to have been constructed originally by Raja Bahulochan over 3,000 years ago.
Mansar Lake : A beautiful lake fringed by forest-covered hills. Boating facilities are also available here.
Best Season to Visit : Through out the Year.
How to get there :
Indian Airlines operates flights between Jammu and Delhi, Amritsar, Chandigarh and Srinagar. A private airline also operates a daily fight to Jammu from Delhi.
Jammu Tawi is an important railhead on the Northern Railway line. Express trains connect it with Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Calcutta and Amritsar.
Located on the National Highway 1A, Jammu is linked by a network of roads to Amritsar, Chandigarh, Delhi, Katra, Srinagar, and Manali.