Jamnagar is a coastal town of Gujarat in India. It was founded by " Jam Raval" in 1540 A.D. as the capital of the princely state of Nawanagar. It was so named after the ruler who called themselves " Jamshree". The city was built around the small Ranmal Lake in the center of which there is a small palace that can be reached by a causeway.
Jamnagar in Gujaratis having the only Ayurvedic University in India. The old part of the town has a number of interesting buildings such as the " Darbar Gadh", " Mandvi Tower", " Jam Bungalow". Darbar Gadh was a gathering place where the Maharaja of Nawanagar used to hold a public audience. Jamnagar is the home town of world famous cricketers His Royal Highness Jam Ranjitsinhji, Duleepsinhji, and Ajay Jadeja. The " Bala Hanuman Temple" is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records for the continuous enchanting of " Ram Dhun" since 1st August 1964. Jamnagar is also home to all the three defense forces of India. The town is also famous for its 'Brass Products', 'Bandhani' and handicrafts
Jamnagar district lies between 21 47' and 22 57' north latitude and 68 57' and 70 37' west longitude in the peninsular region in the northwest, in the state of Gujarat India, known as Kathiawar or Saurashtra. This district is bounded on the North by the Rann and Gulf of Kutch, on the East by Rajkot district, on the South by Junagadh district and on the West by the Arabian Sea.
Jamnagar district measures about 128.75 km. from North to South and about 167.37 km. from East to West.
The most remarkable of Ranjit Singh's construction is Willingdon crescent, the swooping arches of its curved facade overlooks the wide streets of Chelmsford Market.
Lakhota Fort and Kotha Bastion
In the centre of old Jamnagar, on an island in the middle of the lake, are two magnificent old structures - the Lakhota Fort and the Kotha Bastion. This diminutive palace (Lakhota fort) once belonged to the Maharaja of Nawanagar. Lakhota Fort is Jamnagar's Museum and its terraces display a fine collection of sculpture that spans a period from the 9th to 18th Century. The museum is reached by a short causeway from the northern side of Ranmal Lake. The Kotha Bastion is Jamnagar's arsenal. One of its most interesting sights is an old well, the water of which can be drawn by blowing into a small hole in the floor.
Marine National Park
The North-West coast of Saurashtra, bordering the heavily tidal Gulf of Kutch, is fringed with more than forty small islands, whose ever depleting mangrove population gives rise to some of the richest marine life off mainland India. The park is spread over an area of 458 sq kms. Here you will find plants that look like animals and animals that look like plants. Turtles, shrimp, sponge, eels, sea urchin lurk among corals. The Marine National Park is 30 kms from Jamnagar.
Bala Hanuman Temple
The Bala Hanuman Temple is on the South-Eastern side of Ranmal Lake, and here, 24 hours a day since 1 August 1964, there's been continuous chanting of the invocation Shri Ram, Jai Ram, Jai Jai Ram'. This devotion has earned the Temple a place in the Guinness Book of Records. Early evening is a particularly good time to visit as it's fairly animated then. In fact this whole area on the South-Eastern edge of the lake becomes very lively around sunset
Out of a pair of Jain temples, one is dedicated to Adinath (the first Tirthankara) and other built to honour Shantinath (the sixteenth ). The quality and quantity of the murals on the walls, ceilings and pillars of the temple are extraordinary. Hazy yellows, greens, pinks, oranges and blues depict a riot of flowers, people, Gods and domestic objects, while tableaux tell the life stories of Jain saints. The most spectacular of the two, Shantinath Mandir, is a maze of brightly coloured columns, each section of roof between them highlighted with individual designs. The marble floor beneath is emblazoned with distinctive Jain patterns in yellow, black, white and red. Above the main sanctuary, an enormous dome rises in a series of concentric circles glinting with gold. The outer side of the large dome over Adinath Mandir is inlaid with gold and coloured mosaic, and both Temples have cupolas enriched with design of mirrors above the entrance porch.
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