Khajuraho is one of the most significant tourist destinations in India. Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples, famous for their sculpture. The name Khajuraho, ancient " Kharjuravahaka", is derived from the Sanskrit word kharjur meaning date palm.
The city was once the original capital of the Chandela Rajputs, a Hindu dynasty that ruled this part of India from the 10th to the 12th centuries. The Khajuraho temples were built over 200 years, from 950 to 1150. The Chandela capital was moved to Mahoba after this time, but Khajuraho continued to flourish for some time.
Khajuraho has a long history as far as fas as the art of the area is concerned. Today the art of Khajuraho India is world-renowned. The beautiful temples that dot the town of Khajuraho are believed to have been built by the mighty Chandela rulers in the 9th and 10th century AD. The engravings on these temples are highly sensual and much has already been discussed their symbolic importance. Tantricism and the Shakti cult, where the Pancha Makara (five tenets), namely, Matsya (fish), Madeira (wine), maithun, mamsa (meat), and mudra (gesture) were to release the human spirit from the bondage of the flesh, has been described as the possible explanations for the sculptural sensuality of Khajuraho.
Out of 85 temples, only 20 have survived the ravages of time. Made of sandstone blocks fitted together, the temples are aligned east-west. For convenience, these may be divided into western, eastern, and southern groups of temples.
Location: In Madhya Pradesh, India.
Significance: Well-known for the sculptures in poses in its temples.
Climate: Khajuraho has extreme tropical climate with temperature as high as 47°C in summers and as low as 4°C in winters
How to Reach:
By Air: Khajuraho has daily domestic flights to and from Agra, Varanasi and Kathmandu
By Train: The nearest railway stations to Khajuraho are Mahoba, Satna and Jhansi. All of these are well connected to most of the major cities of India.
By Road: Khajuraho has frequent bus services and good roads to and from the major cities of India including Panna, Mahoba, Satna, Jabalpur, Bhopal, Gwalior, Indore, Agra and Jhansi