Udaipur, located in the Aravali ranges of Rajasthan, the city of Udaipur is situated at a distance of about 405kms from the state capital of Jaipur. The city is well connected by air, rail, and road to other important cities of India like Jaipur, Mumbai, and Delhi. If Jaipur studies in pink, then Udaipur is a vision in white. The city of dawn, surrounded by the ancient Aravali Mountains and set on the edge of three lakes, is a brilliant kaleidoscope of narrow lanes flanked by bright stalls, gardens, lakes, palaces, and temples.
The city of lakes, Udaipur, is perhaps one of the most beautiful and romantic cities in India. In contrast with its desert neighborhood, it stands out with its enchanting image of white marble palaces, placid blue lakes, gardens, temples surrounded by hills and mountains. It is an oasis of color in the stark arid region and so indeed is the Venice of east. Udaipur is the jewel of Mewar, a kingdom ruled by the Sisodia dynasty for 1200 years. It is said that this city was founded by Maharaja Udai Singh at the advice of a hermit whom he met at the lake Pichhola during a hunting expedition.
Udaipur in Rajasthan, was built in 1559 A.D. and was named after Udai Singh. He died in 1572 A.D. He was succeeded by his son Maharana Pratap (1572 - 97), who defended the city from many attacks of the Mughals. After the Mughals, it was the Marathas attacked the city. Rana Pratap as he is known, was a great warrior and lived in troubled times.
An end to the bloody battles came with the British intervention in the early 19th century, when a treaty was signed to protect the city from any further attacks. Later, after independence, like all other princely states, Udaipur too became a part of United India.