The city of Bikaner has a rich historical and cultural heritage. This desert city was founded by Rao Bikaji sometime in the 15th century. According to legend Rao Bikaji was blessed by the deity Karni Mata. It took Rao Bikaji about 30 years to consolidate his empire after defeating the local tribes in this desert region. As luck would have it Rao Bikaji's successors could easily defend this desert kingdom as the enemies of the state found it extremely hard to face the harsh desert conditions. During the early part of the 16th century, the rulers of Bikaner were in constant conflict with the Mughals who were in the process of expanding their empire. Later Emperor Akbar took initiative and established diplomatic relations with the state of Bikaner.
Bikaner became popular for its weavers, handicrafts, goldsmiths, and silversmiths. During the 18th century, Bikaner gradually fell into a decline, there was a lot of internal disturbance in and around this state and this state of political strife continued for a long time, till the British took over the Bikaner. The state of Bikaner faced extreme economic losses while the British were involved in outside wars and were using the resources of the state, but strangely enough, the then ruler of Bikaner decided to use the local animals i.e. camels to cart provisions for the fighting English army across the desert, as a result, the state earned a lot of revenue and Bikaner emerged as a rich state after a certain period. Bikaner earned the distinction of being the first Indian state to have introduced electricity in the region. In spite of development in Bikaner, this desert city has still retained its old-world charm, traditions, art forms, culture, and way of life. The lifestyle of the local people is much the same as it was centuries ago, in fact little has changed. Thus you must visit the desert city of Bikaner in India if you want to be a part of the romantic past of this mysterious desert city.
The tourist destinations that you may visit during your vacations to Bikaner in India are: the Junagarh Fort, the state government-owned camel breeding farm, Shri Sadul Museum, Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum, the Jain temples and the Lallgarh palace that has now been converted into a heritage hotel for commercial purposes.
The Junagarh Fort is one of the most important tourist destinations in the state of Bikaner in India. Raja Rai Singh constructed this fortress and a very special feature of this fortress is the fact that it has a 986-meter long wall that surrounds the fort on all sides. The main gate to the fortress is called the Suraj Pol or the Sun gate. The places that are worth visiting inside the fort are the Chandra Mahal, Karan Mahal, and the Phool Mahal. There are several courtyards located within the palace premises and these are given names such as the Ganga Niwas and the Durga Niwas.
Most of the North India tour packages include visits to the tourist destinations of Lallgarh palace and the Shri Sadul Museum. Maharaja Ganga Singhji and this constructed the Lallgarh palace and this palace is entirely built of red sandstone. The Lallgarh palace is set amidst lush green and manicured lawns. The Shri Sadul Museum is located within the premises of the Lallgarh Palace. This museum has several rare Georgian exhibits apart from personal belongings of the Maharaja.
The 14th century Jain Temples that are located at a distance of 5 kilometers from the main Bikaner city in Rajasthan, India. There are several North India tour packages that include a visit to these ancient temples, apart from visiting other temples such as the Raj Ratan Bihari and the Rasik Shiromani temples. During your vacations to the desert city of Bikaner in India, you can actually go on camel safaris and go camping in the desert along with local guides.