Nalanda is located around 90 km from the capital city of Patna. Nalanda is a must-visit place in Bihar.
Around 90 km from the capital city of Patna, lies the oldest known University of the world, Nalanda. Although Buddha visited this place many times in his lifetime, the town shot to fame much later as one of the world's greatest and best Universities. The excavations undertaken at the site have unearthed a huge complex of a University founded and patronized by the Gupta emperors.
Nalanda universitycould accommodate thousands of students and teachers coming from various parts of the country to attain knowledge and study various aspects, which included Buddhism, Vedas, and Vedic texts, Logic, Grammar, Languages, Theology, Astronomy, Mathematics and also medicine.
The University of Nalanda reached its zenith under the patronage of the great emperor Harshavardhana of Kannauj and Pala kings. Soon it became a great center of learning and students from all over the world came here. Chinese traveler Xuan Zhang came and stayed here and received the name of Mokshadeva over here.
The University bloomed and blossomed till the 12th century. It was by the end of the 12th century that the flourishing center of learning was ransacked, burnt down and the teachers and students brutally massacred by the Afghan invader Bakhtiar Khilji. Today, what remains of this once prosperous university are its ruins, standing testimony to its glorious past.